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A.I. & Law


Artifical  Intelligence, Robots  & Law

It was 1956 when, during a summer seminar at Dartmourth, John McCarthy theorized Artificial Intelligence as “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but A.I. does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable”.
First decidedly optimistic expectations about the potential development of A.I. are contradicted by the slow development of first intelligent programs. At the end of the last century the emergence of new patterns of study, such as neural networks or symbolic computational models, conducts to weak A.I., which tends to simulate only some cognitive processes of human intelligence without attempting to reproduce them in their entirety.
The A.I. is now having an exponential growth and the achievement of the singularity (the point where the artificial systems’ capabilities will reach and exceed humans’ ones) in the course of a few decades is already matter of discussion.
From the legal point of view questions about, among other things, the legal status to apply to such entities, the type of liability that can arise, the level of privacy that should be required and the level of subjectivity that can be recognized arise.
This section aims to be an observatory and a collection of legislative, judicial and literature materials which have dealt and deal with the problems caused by A.I. and robotics within the legal field in their different contact points, having a specific attention towards the actual and future tendencies of their use.
Notification of news, cases, documents, studies and other such materials on the part of readers will be appreciated. We invite you to take part in this initiative by sending your contributions to chiara.boscarato@unipv.it


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