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exam result) students are implicitly required to use (and improve) their writing and research

                        skills, as well as their public speaking abilities.
                    •  The “Open Books”’ exam modality – A fearful exam with nothing else than a white

                        paper between the student and the professor during the exam could be challenging for the

                        student’s memory, but not for the improvement of his legal reasoning. In many European
                        law schools, final exams are organized in being written and basing on open questions (often
                        consisting  in  a  real  case  which  students  are  required  to  solve).  Nevertheless,  the  real

                        peculiarity of this type of exam is that students are allowed to consult their notes, books

                        and even the Internet. In the future, probably, they will have to solve difficult questions
                        with  a  lot  of  materials:  it  is  important  to  start  working  in  this  way  also  during  their

                        university studies.
                Ø  Foreign languages improvement by Universities.

                    Before being innovative, we need to be, at least, on the same level of the other European States
                    (if not of the world!). Italy is currently one of the European Countries with the fewest number

                    of  English  speaker.  Knowledge  of  English  and  other  world-spoken  languages  should  be
                    improved at the academic level.

                    •  Universities (like Unisi) shall oblige students to achieve an at least B2 certificate level of

                        English  (FIRST  Certificate,  IELTS,  TOEFL,  TOEIC),  allowing  them  to  follow
                        language courses for the exam preparation covered by the students’ loans. This certificate

                        shall be followed by a mandatory class on legal English, in order to favour employment
                        and  opportunities  for  early  undergraduates.  Many  language-assessment  organizations

                        provide  exams  for  certificating  legal  language  levels  of  foreign  students  all  around  the
                        world (i.e. Cambridge ILEC, TOLES).

                    •  Those  students  who  already  master  a  second  language  (and  have  achieved  the

                        overmentioned certificate) should be able to follow an equally covered course on another
                        foreign language, in order to achieve another linguistic certificate.

                    •  Universities  shall  implement  foreign  languages’,  at  least  for  optional  classes.  Examples
                        could  be:  English,  French  and  Spanish-spoken  classes  for  optional  subjects  in  the

                        international and comparative fields; German-spoken classes for optional subjects in the

                        criminal and civil fields.

             2.  Secondly,  for  what  concerns  employment,  we  think  Law  students  of  today  are  too  focused  on

                 theory and don’t have instruments for acknowledging legal practice – and, in general, the world

                 outside the University.
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